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1  1780 Pennsylvania becomes the first U.S. state to abolish slavery 

1  1781Articles of Confederation ratified: "The form of the final ratification in Congress was impressive. ‘Whereas it hath pleased the Great Governor of the world to incline the hearts of the legislatures we respectively represent in Congress to approve of and authorize us to ratify the articles, we do solemnly plight and engage the faith of our respective constituents that they shall abide by the determination of the United States in Congress assembled...."  Thus were the "Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union" ratified...."the object, a firm league of friendship for the common defense against attacks on them, whether on account of religion or sovereignty.  The free inhabitants of each State were to be entitled to the privileges and immunities of the free citizens of every other State.  This provision recognized the individual as the unit of society, and guaranteed the combined strength for his protection."**

1  1803 Ohio becomes the 17th state to join the Union.

1  1854 Hudson Taylor lands in Shanghai, China to carry the gospel to the Chinese.


2  1776 Americans begin shelling British troops in Boston.

2  1781 Maryland ratifies the Articles of Confederation. She is the last state to sign.

2  1836 Texas declares independence from Mexico on Sam Houston's 43rd birthday.

2  1853 The Territory of Washington is organized.

2  1865 President Abraham Lincoln rejects Confederate General Robert E. Lee's plea for peace talks, demanding unconditional surrender.

2  1877 Rutherford B. Hayes is declared president by one vote the day before the inauguration.

2  1938 Hitler Imprisons pastor Martin Niemöller for Resistance to Hitler's takeover of the Protestant churches.  Often he would say, "First they came for the socialists and I did not speak out because I was not a socialist.  Then they came for the trade unionists and I did not speak out because I was not a trade unionist.  Then they came for the Jews and I did not speak out because I was not a Jew. Then they came for me and there was no one left to speak for me." 

2  1945 Macarthur raises the U.S. flag on Corregidor in the Philippines.


3  1803 The first impeachment trial of a U.S. Judge, John Pickering, begins.

3  1845 Florida becomes the 27th U.S. state.

3  1877 Rutherford B. Hays, the republican governor of Ohio is elected president, his election confirmed by an electoral commission after disputed election the previous November.

3  1931 President Herbert Hoover signs a bill that makes Francis Scott Key's "Star Spangled Banner," the national anthem.

3  1847 Birth of Alexander Graham Bell, inventor of the first telephone as well as other devices.

3  1970 The 2.3 grams of lunar dust was stolen during a fund-raising dinner for scientific research.  The dust came from Apollo 11 's Lunar Rock No.50.  Apollo 11 was the first manned earth flight to the moon in July, 1969. (No life or signs of life were ever found on the moon; just "moon dust"! which was recovered when an anonymous phone call alerted the police that it would be in a mailbox.**  It is only living man that was created from dust by the Creator of the universe. [Words in parentheses mine, Ed.]) 


4  1583 Bernard Gilpin, The "Apostle of the North" Died today.

4  1789 The first Congress of the United States meets in New York and declares that the Constitution is in effect.

4  1791 Vermont is admitted as the 14th state. It is the first addition to the original 13 colonies.

4  1793 George Washington is inaugurated as President for the second time.

4  1797 Vice-President John Adams, elected President on December 7, to replace George Washington, is sworn in.

4  1801 Thomas Jefferson becomes the first President to be inaugurated in Washington, D.C.

4  1885 Inauguration of Grover Cleveland who said, "And let us not trust to human effort alone, but humbly acknowledge the power and goodness of Almighty God who presides over the destiny of nations, and has at all times been revealed in our country’s history, let us invoke His aid and His blessing upon our labors...  I know there is a Supreme Being who rules the affairs of men." (America’s God and Country Encyclopedia of Quotations, Federer.)

4  1889 Benjamin Harrison, our 23rd President, at his inauguration, appealed to the people of our country, thus: "...May we reverently invoke and confidently expect the favor and help of Almighty God-that he will give to me wisdom, strength and fidelity, and to our people a spirit of fraternity and a love of righteousness and peace."  He and Grover Cleveland were two very interesting Presidents inasmuch as, first, Harrison served between Cleveland’s first and second stints as President (from 1889 to 1893) while Cleveland served in the years 1885-1889 and 1893-1897.  Then, secondly, Harrison was the great-grandson of Benjamin Harrison who signed the Declaration of Independence and the grandson of Wm. Henry Harrison, our ninth President. ("The Presidents," Funk & Wagnalls, 1989, p. 82 & Federer)


5  1743 In Boston, editor Thomas Prince published the first issue of his weekly, "The Christian History." It was the first religious journal published in America.

5  1821 James Monroe becomes the first president to be inaugurated on March 5, only because the 4th was a Sunday.

5  1933 Newly inaugurated President Franklin D. Roosevelt halts the trading of gold.

5  1984 The U.S. Supreme Court rules that cities have the right to display the Nativity scene as part of their Christmas display.


6  1521 Ferdinand Magellan discovers Guam.

6  1820 The Missouri Compromise is enacted by Congress and signed by President James Monroe, providing for the admission of Missouri into the Union as a slave state, but prohibits slavery in the rest of the northern Louisiana Purchase territory.

6  1836 After fighting for 13 days, the Alamo falls.

6  1901 Amy Carmichael, Missionary to India rescued her first temple runaway to keep her from forced prostitution.


7  1707 Stephen Hopkins, signer of the Declaration of Independence born this day.

7  1825 Birth of Alfred Edersheim, English biblical scholar.  Converted to Christianity from Judaism before age 20, Edersheim later published "The Life and Times of Jesus the Messiah" (1883A90), a Christian classic still in print!

7  1862 Confederate forces surprise the Union army at the Battle of Pea Ridge, in Arkansas, but the Union is victorious.

7  1876 Alexander Graham Bell is granted a patent for the telephone.


8  1618 Johann Kepler discovers the third Law of Planetary Motion.

8  1790 George Washington delivers the first State of the Union address.

8  1948 Against all reason and against Constitutional principle, the U.S. Supreme Court rules that religious instruction in public schools is unconstitutional.


9  1788 Connecticut becomes the 5th state.

9  1864 General Ulysses Grant is appointed commander-in-chief of the Union forces.

9  1915 Turks Order Murder of thousands of Christian Armenians this day.


10 515 BC The building of the great Jewish temple in Jerusalem is completed.

10 1748 Slave-ship Captain John Newton, 22, was converted to a saving Christian faith.  Newton later became an Anglican clergyman, and as the author of "Amazing Grace" a greatly respected hymn writer as well.

10 1776 "Common Sense" by Thomas Paine is published.

10 1785 Thomas Jefferson is appointed minister to France.


11 1665 New York's English Deputies approved a new legal code, which guaranteed all Protestants the right to practice their religious observances unhindered.

11 1731 Robert Treat Paine, Declaration of Independence signer.

11 1907 President Teddy Roosevelt induces California to revoke its anti-Japanese legislation.


12 1496 The Jews are expelled from Syria.

12 1664King Charles II, an autocratic English king, who gave, part of the New England states and all of North Netherlands to his brother, Duke of York.  This provoked a war between England and the United Netherlands. As a result, England sent a military force to Boston.  This was the first time the royal navy of Great Britain had docked in Boston.  England sent these forces against New Netherlands and in September Manhattan capitulated the result of which is that New Netherlands became a part of Gr. Britain under the name "New York."**

12 1789 The United States Post Office is established.

12 1863 President Jefferson Davis delivers his State of the Confederacy address.

12 1947Radar first used in Washington, D.C. to track weather and storms.

12 1959 The U.S. House of Representatives joins the Senate in approving the statehood of Hawaii.


13 1519 Hernando Cortez lands in what will become Mexico.

13 1793 Eli Whitney patents the cotton gin.

13 1868 The U.S. Senate begins the impeachment trial of President Andrew Johnson.

13 1925 Tennessee Governor Austin Peay signed legislation prohibiting the teaching of evolution within the state's public school system. (violation of this law led to the famous July Scopes Monkey Trial.)

13 1935 A three-thousand-year-old archive is found in Jerusalem confirming biblical history.


14 1629 A Royal charter is granted to the Massachusetts Bay Colony.

14 1743 First American town meeting is held at Boston's Faneuil Hall.

14 1804 Johann Strauss born today, noted violinist and composer.

14 1930A ninth planet, "trans-Neptunian," was discovered.


15 1883 Triple Alliance between Germany, Austria and Italy.*

15 1517 Pope Leo X granted the indulgence that ultimately led to the protestant reformation.

15 1767 Andrew Jackson is born. seventh President of the United States (1829-1837).

15 1820 Maine is admitted as the 23rd state.


16 597 BC According to some archaeological calculations, the first conquest of Jerusalem by Babylonian King Nebuchadnezzar occurred.  In the Bible, the event is recorded in 2 Kings 24:1 and in 2 Chronicles 36:5-8.

16 1621 The first Indian appears to colonists in Plymouth, Massachusetts.

16 1751 Birth of James Madison, fourth President of the United States (1809-17).


17 1766 Britain repeals the Stamp Act.

17 1780 Thomas Chalmers, Scottish Church reformer was born.

17 1958Second U.S. satellite launched from Cape Canaveral.


18 1890Resignation of Bismarck as Chancellor of Germany.*

18 1837 birth of Grover Cleveland, 22nd and 24th President of the United States 1885-1889; 1893-1897; the first Democrat sent to the White House after the Civil War; the only president to be elected to two non-consecutive terms and the only President married in the White House.  He and his wife, Frances, had five children.  He had been mayor of Buffalo as well as governor of New York.   His rule of conduct was, "A public office is a public trust." "After the Civil War the Republican administrations had become weak and corrupt.  Many...Republicans, called mugwumps, said they would vote for a Democrat if he were an honest man.  Cleveland was known for his honesty, common sense, and had a reputation for good government.  He told one politician, "What's the use of being elected or reelected unless you stand for something?"  ("The Presidents," Funk & Wagnalls Special Edition, 1989, p. 76).

18 1939 Georgia finally ratifies the Bill of Rights, 150 years after the birth of the federal government.   Connecticut and Massachusetts, the only other states to hold out, also ratify the Bill of Rights in this year.


19 1563 The Edict of Amboise granted a limited amount of freedom to French Protestants, thereby ending the First Huguenot War.

19 1589 William Bradford born today, governor of Plymouth colony for 30 years.

19 1813 Birth of David Livingston, explorer found by Arthur Stanley in Africa.


20 1928 Birth of Fred Rogers, American Presbyterian clergyman and, since its premiere in 1965, host of public television's longest running children's program: Mr. Rogers' Neighborhood.

20 1939 President Franklin D. Roosevelt names William O. Douglas to the Supreme Court.


21 1617 Pocahontas (Rebecca Rolfe) dies of either small pox or pneumonia while in England with her husband, John Rolfe.

21 1685 Johann Sebastian Bach, German composer.

21 1747 [N.S.] On a slave ship bound for England, during a violent storm at sea, English sea captain John Newton, 22, was dramatically converted to a living faith.  Newton soon abandoned the sea, and from 1764 until his death (43 years later), he devoted his life as a clergyman in the Anglican Church. In 1779 he wrote the words to the hymn "Amazing Grace."

21 1806 Lewis and Clark begin their trip home after an 8,000 mile trek of the Mississippi basin and the Pacific Coast.

21 1900 In Chicago, following the death of its founder Dwight L. Moody, the Bible Institute for Home and Foreign Missions changed its name to Moody Bible Institute.

22 1621 In colonial Massachusetts, the Plymouth Colony made a treaty with the neighboring Indians which both sides kept for fifty years.

22 1765 The Stamp Act is passed, the first direct British tax on the American colonists.

22 1790 Thomas Jefferson becomes the first U.S. Secretary of State.


23 1743 Handel's Messiah is performed for the first time in London.

23 1775 American revolutionary hero Patrick Henry, while addressing the House of Burgesses, declares "give me liberty, or give me death!".

23 1899  Archeological Verification for the Bible found Beneath Babylon's Ruins.


24 1664 In London, Roger Williams is granted a charter to colonize Rhode Island.

24 1755 Rufus King, framer of the U.S. Constitution.

24 1765 Britain passes the Quartering Act, requiring the colonies to house 10,000 British troops in public and private buildings.


25 1525 Conrad Grebel - the first Anabaptist - arrived in Switzerland to preach.

25 1776 The Continental Congress authorizes a medal for General George Washington

25 1807 British Parliament abolishes the slave trade.


28 1827 German composer Ludwig Van Beethoven dies in Vienna.  He had been deaf for the later part of his life, but said on his death bed "I shall hear in heaven."

28 1942 The Nazis begin sending Jews to Auschwitz in Poland.

28 1930 Birth of Sandra Day O'Connor, U.S. Supreme Court Justice.

28 1953 Dr. Jonas Salk announces a new vaccine against polio.


27 1962 Robert Frost’s birthday on which day President John F. Kennedy was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor.


28 1774 Britain passes the Coercive Act against rebellious Massachusetts.

28 1885 The Salvation Army is officially organized in the United States.

28 1921 President Warren Harding names William Howard Taft as chief justice of the United States.

28 1969 Dwight D. Eisenhower dies at Walter Reed General Hospital in Washington, D.C.


29 1630 The Puritans left England for Massachusetts.

29 1638  The first Swedish colonists in America established a Lutheran settlement at Fort Christiana in the Colony of Delaware.

29 1790 John Tyler, 10th President of the United States (1841-1845).

29 1827 Composer Ludwig van Beethoven is buried in Vienna amidst a crowd of over 10,000 mourners.

29 1886 Coca-Cola goes on sale for the first time at a drugstore in Atlanta.  Its inventor, Dr. John Pemberton, claims it can cure anything from hysteria to the common cold.

29 1961 The 23rd amendment, allowing residents of Washington, D.C. to vote for president, is ratified.


30 1492 King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella sign a decree expelling all Jews from Spain in the Spanish Inquisition.

30 1867 Russian Baron Stoeckl and U.S. Secretary of State Seward completed the draft of a treaty ceding Alaska to the United States.  The treaty is signed the following day.

30 1870 The 15th amendment, guaranteeing the right to vote regardless of race, passes.

30 1885 Texas is the last Confederate state readmitted to the Union.

30 1981 President Ronald Reagan is shot and wounded in Washington, D.C. by John W. Hinkley Jr .


31 1981 President Ronald Reagan was shot by John W. Hinckley outside of the Washington Hilton Hotel.  He was taken to George Washington University Hospital after undergoing two hours of surgery.  It was reported that, "The prognosis is excellent. He is alert and should be able to make decisions by tomorrow."**

31 1734 Robert Morris, signatory of the Declaration of Independence is born today.

31 1865 the House of Representatives approves a constitutional amendment abolishing slavery.

Starred* items from "400 Famous Dates," double starred items from Frothingham’s "Rise of the Republic," all others from "On This Day," by LaHaye and Farris unless otherwise noted.

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