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DATES TO REMEMBER IN FEBRUARY

 

JANUARY

MARCH

 

1  1862 The Union's theme song, The Battle Hymn of the Republic was published this day by Julia Ward Howe:  "In the beauty of the lilies Christ was born across the sea; With a glory in his bosom that transfigures you and me: As he died to make men holy, let us die to make men free, While God is marching on."

1  589 B.C. Ezekiel prophesied the defeat of Pharaoh and Egypt which occurred in 590.

 

2  1848 The United States Congress ratified the peace treaty which ended the Mexican War.  The treaty began: "In the Name of Almighty God: The United States and the United Mexican States animated by a sincere desire to put an end to the calamities of the war....have, under the protection of Almighty God, the Author of Peace, arranged, agreed upon, and signed the following: Treaty of Peace."  the treaty is quite lengthy containing 23 articles, the XII of which states: "In consideration of the extension of boundaries....the Government of the United States engages to pay to that of the Mexican Republic the sum of fifteen millions of dollars." This was to be paid in segments, interest [6%] to be paid on any remaining, as noted in the treaty. (American Historical Documents, The Harvard Classics, 1969, p.289).

2  1960 The U.S. Senate approves 23rd Amendment calling for a ban on the poll tax.

 

3  1943 "Four Chaplains Day" On the frigid night of February 3, 1943, the Allied ship Dorchester plowed through the waters near Greenland. At 1:00am, a Nazi submarine fired a torpedo into its flank, killing many in the explosion and trapping others below deck. It the ensuing chaos, four chaplains: a priest, a rabbi and two protestant ministers; distributed life jackets. When there were none left, the four chaplains ripped off their own jackets and put them on four young men. Standing embraced on the slanting deck, the chaplains bowed their heads in prayer as they sank to their icy deaths. Congress honored them by declaring this "Four Chaplains Day."

3  1690 The first paper money in America is issued in the Massachusetts Bay Colony. 

3  1783 Spain recognizes United States' independence.

3  1894 Norman Rockwell is born, artist and illustrator who painted scenes of small-town America. Most of his work appeared in the The Saturday Evening Post.

3  1917 A German submarine sinks the U.S. liner Housatonic off coast of Sicily.  The United States severs diplomatic relations with Germany.

3  1924 Death of Woodrow Wilson, President 1913-1921.*

 

4  1902  Charles A. Lindbergh was born this day.  He later stated It was not the outer grandeur of the Roman but the inner simplicity of the Christian that lived through the ages."#

4  1787 Shay's Rebellion, an uprising of debt-ridden Massachusetts farmers against the new U.S. government, fails.

4  1906 Birth of Dietrich Bonhoeffer, German Protestant theologian.

4  1947 birth of Dan Quayle, vice president under President George H. W. Bush.

 

5  1631 Persecuted in England for preaching religious liberty, Roger Williams fled to America, he arrived in Boston this day.

5  1723 John Witherspoon born , Declaration of Independence signer.

5  1837 Dwight L. Moody, evangelist born, founder of the Moody Bible Institute.

5  1918 The Soviets proclaim separation of church and state - and we all know how well that worked out for "freedom of religion!" (commentary - mine).

5  1812 Marriage of Adoniram Judson and Ann Hasseltine - They wanted to go to India but there were no mission boards in America to send them.  Eventually they arrived in India but had to leave & went to Burma where they labored diligently, eventually establishing 63 churches & other works. (Curtis, Lang & Peterson, 100 most Important Events in Christian History, Revell, ’98, p. 146.).

 

6  1911 Birth of President Ronald Reagan, our 39th president. In 1980 he said, "The time has come to turn to God and reassert our trust in Him for the healing of our nation...our country in need of and ready for a spiritual renewal..."

6  1756 Aaron Burr is born, 3rd U.S. Vice President.

6  1788 Massachusetts becomes the sixth state to ratify the Constitution.

 

7  1817 Born this day, Frederick Douglas and later reborn. A former slave he recalled "gather[ing] scattered pages of the Bible from the filthy street gutters, and washed and dried them, that... I might get a word or two of wisdom from them."#

7  Born in 1867 Laura Ingalls Wilder, author whose works were the basis for television's Little House on the Prairie.

7  1905 Congress grants statehood to Oklahoma. New Mexico and Arizona are the only remaining territories.

 

8  Born today, 1820 William T. Sherman, Union general in the American Civil War.

 

9  1773 Birth of Wm. Henry Harrison, the first president to die in office. He served only 30 days.#

9  1825 The House of Representatives elects John Quincy Adams, sixth U.S. President.

9  1861 Jefferson F. Davis is elected president of the Confederate States of America.

 

10 1763 The Treaty of Paris ends the French-Indian War. France gives up all her territories in the New World except New Orleans and a few scattered islands.

10 1819 Birth of William True Sleeper, New England Congregational clergyman and author of the hymns "Jesus, I Come" and "Ye Must Be Born Again."

10 1899 the Revised King James Version was authorized for use in the Church of England.

10 1929 In London, renowned Baptist clergyman and devotional author F. B. Meyer, 81, preached his last sermon. He soon entered a nursing home where his health failed rapidly, and he died March 28.

10 1978 Virginia "Equal Rights Amendment" fails in the House of Representatives.*

 

11 1650 Death of Ren‚ Descartes, 53, French philosopher and mathematician. His last words were: 'My soul, thou hast long been held captive; the hour has now come for thee to quit thy prison...; suffer, then, this separation with joy and courage.'

11 1805 Sixteen-year-old Sacajawea, the Shoshoni guide for Lewis & Clark, gives birth to a son, with Meriwether Lewis serving as midwife.

11 1833 Melville Weston Fuller, eighth U.S. Supreme Court Chief Justice.

11 1847 Thomas Alva Edison, prolific American inventor who jointly or singly held over 1,300 patents.

11 1826 Alexander Maclaren was born in Glasgow, Scotland. He became "the prince of expository preachers." As pastor of Union Chapel, Manchester, England, from 1858 to 1903, he established a wide following.

 

12 510 B.C. Haman’s plot to destroy the Jews-called "Esther’s Fast Day."

12 1709 Alexander Selkirk, the Scottish seaman whose adventures inspired the creation of Daniel Dafoe's Robinson Crusoe, is taken off Juan Fernandez Island after more than four years of living there alone.

12 1775 Birth of Louisa Adams, wife of John Quincy Adams .

12 1728 Cotton Mather is born, Scion of a Noble Heritage.

12 1809 Lincoln and Darwin were born on the same day and year! Darwin left a blot that has spread nothing but harm; "(W)hereas the last act of Congress signed by Lincoln, before he was shot, was to place the phrase ‘In God We Trust’ on all our national coin."#

12 1836 Mexican General Santa Anna crosses the Rio Grande en route to the Alamo.

1-12 1917 78 British ships sunk by German submarines; passengers included American citizens.

 

13 509 B.C. The Jews, by Ahasuerus order, defend themselves. This day is celebrated as the Feast of Purim. When the story of Haman and Esther is read, many Jews may rap on the table when the name of Haman is pronounced. (Ussher’s Annals of the World)

13 167 Polycarp, a disciple of St. John and bishop of Smyrna, is martyred on the west coast of Asia Minor.

13 1826 The American Temperance Society (later renamed the American Temperance Union) was organized in Boston. It quickly grew into a national crusade, and within a decade over 8,000 similar groups had been formed, boasting a total of 1.5 million members.

13 1951 Death of Lloyd C. Douglas, 74, American Congregational clergyman and novelist.  He published his first religious novel "Magnificent Obsession" in 1929, followed later by "The Robe" (1942) and "The Big Fisherman" (1948).

14 1554 Mr. John Rogers, minister of the gospel in London, the first martyr in Queen Mary's reign, was burnt at Smithfield, England, February.  He left a wife with ten small children, dieing courageously for the gospel of Jesus Christ.  Before his death, he wrote a poem, of which below are a few lines. (New England Primer, Boston, 1777, reprinted by Wall Builders Press, Aledo, Texas.

Give ear my children to my words whom God hath dearly bought, 

Lay up his laws within your heart, and print them in your thoughts.... 

I leave you here a little book for you to look upon, 

That you may see your father's face when he is dead and gone....

To you my heirs of earthly things: which I do leave behind, 

That you may read and understand and keep it in your mind. 

That as you have been heirs of that that once shall wear away, 

You also may possess that part which never shall decay.... 

14 1760 Richard Allen, the first black ordained in the Methodist Episcopal Church (1799), and founder of the African Methodist Episcopal (AME) Church in 1816, was born in slavery in Philadelphia.

14 1779 American Loyalists are defeated by Patriots at Kettle Creek, Ga.

14 1859 Oregon is admitted as the thirty-third state.

14 1912 Arizona becomes the 48th state in the Union.

14 1920 The League of Women Voters is formed in Chicago in anticipation of the imminent ratification of the 19th Amendment, giving women the right to vote.

14 2000 My beloved husband passed out of this life to join the saints in their heavenly home. One of his favorite sayings was, "In quietness and confidence shall be your strength," Isaiah 30:15.

 

15 1898 President Wm. McKinley approved the joint Resolution of Congress, "That the people of Cuba are and of right ought to be free."#

15 1962 House Chaplain Rev. Vaskas prayer-"In Thy provident wisdom, Thou has permitted the people of this Republic, strong in their faith in Thee and in the spiritual, cultural, and material wealth with which Thou hast deigned to bless them, to emerge today as the most powerful and benevolent nation on earth. Grant us to understand, Lord, that this prerogative of eminence is weighted with a corresponding responsibility before Thy judgment seat and that of the world in which Thou has allotted us to play such an important and decisive part.*

 

16 1945 American paratroopers land on Corregidor, in a campaign to liberate the Philippines.

16 1497 Today Reformer Philip Melancthon was born. He Became Martin Luther's right-hand man.

 

17 1794 On February 17, 1794, the old American company, opened the theatre in Philadelphia (a new and splendid one).  When President Washington attended the house would be crowded, as many came to see the hero as they did the play....  Upon the president's entering the stage-box with his family, the orchestra would strike up The President’s March. (Excerpted from Memoirs.... of Washington, G.W.P.Custis, Sprinkle Pub., ‘99, p.368.

17 1801 The House of Representatives breaks an electoral college tie and chooses Thomas Jefferson over Aaron Burr.

17 1815 In deciding the legal case "Terrett v. Taylor," the U.S. Supreme Court declared unconstitutional an act of the Virginia Legislature which denied property rights to Protestant Episcopal churches in the state.  The Court ruled that religious corporations, like other corporations, have rights to their property.

17 1858 Today the Waldenses Rejoice for Liberation. They Survived centuries of religious persecution before receiving religious freedom.

17 1864 The Confederate submarine Hunley sinks the USS Housatonic in Charleston Harbor, South Carolina.

17 1889 Billy Sunday, 27, baseball player-turned-preacher, made his first appearance as an evangelist in Chicago. A strong fundamentalist, Sunday preached temperance and opposed scientific evolution. Over 100 million are estimated to have heard Sunday preach before his death in 1935.

17 1945 Gen. MacArthur's troops land on Corregidor in the Philippines.

 

18 1516 Born today - Queen Mary I, also known as Bloody Mary for her persecution of Protestants.

18 1688 Quakers in Germantown, Pa. adopt the fist formal antislavery resolution in America.  The historic "Germantown Protest" denounced both slavery and the slave trade.

18 1861 Jefferson F. Davis is inaugurated as the Confederacy's provisional president at a ceremony held in Montgomery, Ala.

18 1943 Madame Chiang Kai-Shek visited Franklin Roosevelt, former president, and addressed Congress, asking for help to repulse the Japanese invasion of China.*

 

19 1473 Nicholas Copernicus was born this day - a Polish churchman and astronomer who introduced the idea that the earth revolved around the sun.

19 1807 Vice President Aaron Burr is arrested in Alabama for treason. He is later found innocent.

 

20 1792 The U.S. Postal Service is created.

20 1962 Astronaut John Glenn orbited the earth three times in four hours & forty minutes.

20 1970 Sec. of  Defense, Melvin Laird, requested Congress to fund Anti-Ballistic Missiles because of the Soviet threat.*

 

21 1885 The Washington Monument is dedicated in Washington, D.C.

21 1945 Death of Eric Liddell, 43, Scottish Olympic champion runner.  Later a missionary to China, Liddell was captured by the Japanese during WWII and died of a brain tumor while still imprisoned. (His college running days were portrayed in the 1981 British film, "Chariots of Fire.")

 

22 1732 Washington was born near Pope’s creek of Augustine and Mary Washington. Augustine’s grandfather was John Washington from England (1659) and his father, Lawrence.  Augustine married Mary Bell whose father was William Bell whose father came here c. 1657.  A memorial stone was placed by Washington’s adopted son, G.W.P. Custis, in 1815, at the site of the house where Washington was born. (G.W. Memoirs, Custis, p. 127-8).

22 1945 Battle of Iwo Jima; 7,000 American soldiers died here; 19, 000 Japanese died.

22 1945 U.S. Senate Chaplain, Frederick Brown Harris ended his prayer with these words; "As in these tragic hours Washington's spiritual sons are dying for his creed.., hold us fast to our high trust; drive us to our knees for the inner strength that steadied him whose name we reverence this day. There may we, too, find the calming assurance - Conquer we must, For our cause it is just, And this be our motto: In God is our trust. We ask it in the dear Redeemer’s name. Amen."*

22 1977 Thousands watch Alexandria, Virginia’s annual "George Washington’s Birthday Parade."*

 

23 155 Martyrdom of Polycarp, an early Church Father who was a disciple of the Apostle John. Arrested at age 86, Polycarp was burned at the stake for refusing to deny the Christian faith.

23 303 Emperor Diocletian orders the general persecution of Christians in Rome.

23 1685 George F. Handel, German composer.

23 1778 Baron von Steuben joins the Continental Army at Valley Forge.

23 1788 Both Houses of Congress listened to Washington’s Farewell Address.

23 1846 The Liberty Bell tolls for the last time, to mark George Washington's birthday.

23 1861 Texas becomes the seventh state to secede from the Union.

23 1942 A Japanese submarine shells an oil refinery near Santa Barbara, California, the first Axis bombs to hit American soil.

23 1945 U.S. Marines plant an American flag atop Mount Suribachi on Iwo Jima.

23 1788 Both Houses of Congress listened to Washington’s Farewell Address.

 

24 1836 The Alamo is besieged by Santa Anna.

24 1582 The Gregorian Calendar began to be used in place of  the Julian Calendar.

24 1868 The U.S. House of Representatives votes to impeach President Andrew  Johnson.

24 1937 FDR wanted, unconstitutionally, to "pack" the supreme court; defeated by the Senate.*

 

25 536 Jakob Hutter, Anabaptist leader was captured, tortured and eventually burned at the stake.  The Anabaptists eventually immigrated to the United States where they found freedom to worship according to the dictates of their own conscience.

 

26 1802 Birth of Victor Hugo, author of The Hunchback of Notre Dame, stated: "England has two books, the Bible and Shakespeare.  England made Shakespeare, but the Bible made England."#

26 1846 Birth of George C. Stebbins, American Baptist music evangelist.  A composer of over 1,500 songs during his lifetime, Stebbins is still remembered today for writing the melodies to such hymns as: "I've Found a Friend," "Take Time to Be Holy," "Have Thine Own Way, Lord" and "Jesus is Tenderly Calling Thee Home."

26 1951 The 22nd Amendment is added to the Constitution limiting the Presidency to two terms.

26 1993 A bomb rocks the World Trade Center in New York City.  Five people are killed and hundreds suffer from smoke inhalation.

 

27 1807 Birth of Henry Wadsworth Longfellow who wrote many marvelous poems. My favorite is: "Between the dark and the daylight, when the night is beginning to lower, Comes a pause in the day’s occupation That is known as the children’s hour." But, of course, his most famous is, "Listen, my children and you shall hear Of the midnight ride of Paul Revere...."  It is true history as you can know if you study America’s Christian History!

27 280  Birth of Constantine the Great, the first Roman emperor to be converted (ca. 312) to the Christian faith.

27 380  Emperor Theodosius Issues an Edict requiring Trinitarianism as the official creed of the church.

27 1908  The forty-sixth star is added to the U.S. flag, signifying Oklahoma's admission to statehood.

 

28 1861 The territory of Colorado is established.

28 1784 English churchman John Wesley, 80, formally chartered the movement within Anglicanism which afterward came to be known as Wesleyan Methodism.

 

29 1528 Martyrdom of Scottish reformer Patrick Hamilton, 24.  Having spent time with Martin Luther and William Tyndale, Hamilton began promoting Reformation in Scotland.  He was afterward arrested and burned at the stake one of the first martyrs of the Scottish Reformation.

29 1948 Richard Wurmbrand, founder of "Voice of the Martyers" is abducted by the Communist government of Rumania.


Starred items (*): La Haye & Farris, On This Day; Number symbol (#): Federer, American Minute


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